Chimney Museum

The Chimney Museum is a museum site featuring the history of coal mining in Labuan around 1847 to 1911 and the history of Tanjung Kubong. While, the Chimney Tower, which is also known as ‘Punil’ by the nearby local community serve as historical landmark and proof of relics during rapid era of coal mining in Labuan which built in late 1890s. The museum that formerly known as the Chimney Information Centre was completed in 2000 and officially opened to public on 26 October 2002 by the late YB Datuk Seri Panglima Mohamed bin Omar Beldram, representative of the Parliament Member of Labuan.

The two-storey building architecture was inspired by colonial-aged school in Labuan. On the ground floor, this museum exhibits a gallery featuring the earliest history of Labuan as the largest producer of coal mineral resources in the region until the development of the railway system which is believed to be among the earliest in Malaysia. Furthermore, visitors also can explore a taste of atmosphere inside a coal mining tunnel through a special diorama. Meanwhile, another gallery on the top floor shows the uniqueness of the Chimney Tower which is still a mystery because the actual purpose of its construction hasn’t yet to be ascertained. Various hypotheses have been put forward to its purpose as a ventilation shaft, bricks smelting, light house, bell tower or a landmark during coal mining era in Labuan. Also display the conservation works and archeological excavation of the Chimney Tower with 32.5 meters in height and Chimney sites done by the Department of Museums and Antiquities (now Department of Museums Malaysia) from 1997 and fully completed in 1999, and it is considered as one of the riskiest conservation work ever done in Malaysia. In 2013, the Chimney Tower was awarded with The International "Green Apple Awards" by embracing the Bronze for the Architecture Heritage category from The Green Organization, in London.

Variety of mining artefacts collection are exhibited in this museum which are largely unearthed during conservations works and archaeological excavations at its surroundings. Among the museum’s fascinating collections are Chinese brass opium pipe, the ceramic artefacts used by miners, various of types of coal mining equipment, the remains of locomotives components of coal transportation trains ever operated in Labuan as well as the discovery of the original Chimney Tower bricks, largely originated from the British renowned factories in Scotland and a coal mining company in Labuan. Also display the different types of coal found around Tanjung Kubong Area.

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